Find reconstructed features overlapping a polygon

This example iterates over a collection of reconstructed features and finds those whose geometry overlaps a polygon.

Sample code

import pygplates


# Load one or more rotation files into a rotation model.
rotation_model = pygplates.RotationModel('rotations.rot')

# Load some features.
features = pygplates.FeatureCollection('features.gpml')

# Reconstruct features to 10Ma.
reconstruction_time = 10

# All features have their geometries tested for overlap with this polygon.
# The polygon is created using a sequence of (latitude, longitude) points.
polygon = pygplates.PolygonOnSphere([(0,0), (90,0), (0,90)])

# Reconstruct the features to 10Ma.
reconstructed_features = []
pygplates.reconstruct(features, rotation_model, reconstructed_features, reconstruction_time, group_with_feature=True)

# The list of features that overlap the polygon when reconstructed to 10Ma.
overlapping_features = []

# Iterate over all reconstructed features.
for feature, feature_reconstructed_geometries in reconstructed_features:

    # Iterate over all reconstructed geometries of the current feature.
    for feature_reconstructed_geometry in feature_reconstructed_geometries:

        # Get the minimum distance from polygon to the current reconstructed geometry.
        # We treat the polygon as solid so anything inside it has a distance of zero.
        # We also treat the reconstructed geometry as solid (in case it's also a polygon).
        min_distance_to_feature = pygplates.GeometryOnSphere.distance(
                polygon,
                feature_reconstructed_geometry.get_reconstructed_geometry(),
                geometry1_is_solid=True,
                geometry2_is_solid=True)

        # A minimum distance of zero means the current reconstructed geometry either
        # intersects the polygon's boundary or is inside it (or both).
        if min_distance_to_feature == 0:
            overlapping_features.append(feature)

            # We've finished with the current feature (don't want to add it more than once).
            break

# If there are any overlapping features then write them to a file.
if overlapping_features:

    # Put the overlapping features in a feature collection so we can write them to a file.
    overlapping_feature_collection = pygplates.FeatureCollection(overlapping_features)

    # Create a filename (for overlapping features) with the reconstruction time in it.
    overlapping_features_filename = 'features_overlapping_at_{0}Ma.gpml'.format(reconstruction_time)

    # Write the overlapping features to a new file.
    overlapping_feature_collection.write(overlapping_features_filename)

Details

The rotations are loaded from a rotation file into a pygplates.RotationModel.

rotation_model = pygplates.RotationModel('rotations.rot')

The reconstructable features are loaded into a pygplates.FeatureCollection.

features = pygplates.FeatureCollection('features.gpml')

The features are reconstructed to their 10Ma positions.

reconstruction_time = 10

The test polygon will capture all features whose reconstructed geometry(s) overlap it.

polygon = pygplates.PolygonOnSphere([(0,0), (90,0), (0,90)])
All features are reconstructed to 10Ma using pygplates.reconstruct().
We specify a list for reconstructed_features instead of a filename.
We also set the output parameter group_with_feature to True (it defaults to False) so that our reconstructed feature geometries are grouped with their feature.
reconstructed_features = []
pygplates.reconstruct(features, rotation_model, reconstructed_features, reconstruction_time, group_with_feature=True)

Each item in the reconstructed_features list is a tuple containing a feature and its associated reconstructed geometries.

for feature, feature_reconstructed_geometries in reconstructed_features:

A feature can have more than one geometry and hence will have more than one reconstructed geometry.

for feature_reconstructed_geometry in feature_reconstructed_geometries:
Calculate the minimum distance between the polygon and a reconstructed feature geometry using pygplates.GeometryOnSphere.distance().
geometry1_is_solid is set to True in case the reconstructed geometry lies entirely inside the polygon in which case it will return a distance of zero.
If we did not specify this it would have returned the distance to the polygon’s boundary outline which could be non-zero if the reconstructed geometry did not intersect the outline.
And geometry2_is_solid is set to True in case the polygon lies entirely inside the reconstructed geometry (if it’s a polygon also). This also constitutes an overlap.
min_distance_to_feature = pygplates.GeometryOnSphere.distance(
        polygon,
        feature_reconstructed_geometry.get_reconstructed_geometry(),
        geometry1_is_solid=True,
        geometry2_is_solid=True)
A minimum distance of zero means the current reconstructed geometry either intersects the polygon’s boundary or is inside it.
Or, conversely, the polygon could be inside the reconstructed geometry (if it’s a polygon) which also constitutes an overlap.
if min_distance_to_feature == 0:
    overlapping_features.append(feature)
    break
Finally we write the overlapping features to a file.
We could then load them into GPlates, reconstruct to 10Ma and check the results.
overlapping_feature_collection = pygplates.FeatureCollection(overlapping_features)
overlapping_features_filename = 'features_overlapping_at_{0}Ma.gpml'.format(reconstruction_time)
overlapping_feature_collection.write(overlapping_features_filename)

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